Dental services offered by Diamond Dental Centre
Comprehensive oral examination & treatment plan
It is important to your own oral hygiene and health to visit a dentist on a regular basis. At Diamond Dental, we suggest six monthly visits to prevent unforeseen dental emergencies. At Diamond Dental we perform a full comprehensive examination that includes any detailed treatment plans prior to commencing further treatment. During a routine exam at Diamond Dental, your dentist will: evaluate your overall health and oral hygiene, take a full dental base chart of your teeth, assess your need for tooth restoration or tooth replacement, check your bite and jaw for problems, take dental x-rays or, if necessary, do other diagnostic procedures, create a treatment plan listing any treatments required and costs involved.
Tooth colored restorations
Advances in white filling materials means more varied applications are available, including repairing chipped or broken front teeth, covering unsightly marks on teeth, enhancing the shape of front teeth or simply used as a filling material on back teeth. At Diamond Dental , we are using amalgam free fillings (containing no mercury) for health as well as cosmetic reasons. The colour range of the material has greatly improved, enabling us to obtain a good colour match to your existing teeth. At Diamond Dental, we think that a perfect smile should go beyond your front teeth, all the way to the back of your mouth to allow you to smile broadly or laugh out loud without worrying about your unsightly metal fillings or crowns.
If you agree, then let us show you how easy it is to replace your existing metal with porcelain inlays and onlays – natural-looking alternatives that are both strong and attractive. An inlay is similar to a filling in that it lies inside the cusp tips of a tooth. (A cusp is the pointed or rounded projection on the chewing portion of a tooth.) An onlay is like a crown – a bigger filling that covers one or more cusps of a tooth. We can replace any silver or gold filling with a beautiful porcelain inlay or onlay. It usually takes two dental visits to complete the change – the first visit to remove the old filling (or remove the decay or re-shape a broken tooth if this is your initial visit for the tooth), take an impression of the tooth and place a temporary sealant or restoration in place. The laboratory then creates your restoration based on the impression taken. During your second visit we will remove the temporary measure, check that the color of the inlay or onlay matches the adjacent teeth, check your bite and then bond or cement the new restoration into place. Not only are porcelain replacements attractive, they can actually increase the strength of a tooth substantially over a metal filling. The reason for this is that inlays and onlays are bonded directly onto the tooth with special resins, which will allow the restoration to stay in place for many years. Inlays and onlays are excellent cosmetic alternatives to gold or other metal restorations because they provide practical solutions to your need for fillings or to fix damaged teeth, as well as an attractive visual enhancement over the old metal fillings. Ask us how inlays or onlays can perfect your smile.
Root canal therapy
Root canal therapy is a sequence of treatment for the nerve of a tooth in order to eliminate infection and to protect the tooth from future bacterial attacks. The procedure involves removal of the nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cells from within the root of a tooth, the cleaning, shaping and decontamination of these root canal with tiny files and irrigating solutions and then filling, of the cleaned out canals with an inert filling, such as gutta percha and a cement. After the surgery the tooth will be “dead”, and if the infection is spread at apex, root end surgery is required. After a root canal treatment, the tooth looses all of its natural hydration from the nerve and blood vessels and becomes very brittle. This can make a tooth more prone to fracture especially if the tooth is a molar where most of the biting forces are concentrated. For this reason, our dentists usually recommend a crown to protect teeth that have undergone root canal treatment. The procedure is relatively painless, because our dentists use anesthetics during process.
Unlike dental crowns, porcelain veneers cover only the front part of the tooth, after having only minimal work done on the tooth itself. Wafer thin porcelain, crafted by very experienced technicians, is used to rectify many defects, including the masking of discoloured teeth, realigning crowded and protruding teeth and closing gaps. Porcelain dental veneers are very strong, lasting up to 15 years, are natural in looks and are easy to look after with no special care required. No one else will realise you have veneers, unless you tell them.
A mouthguard (also known as a mouth protector, mouth piece or gumshield) is a protective device for the mouth that covers the teeth and gums to prevent and reduce injury to the teeth, arches, lips and gums. They reduce the risk of broken or lost teeth and other mouth injuries such as lacerations in the inside of the mouth. Mouth guards are stiff, cushioned molds that fit closely over the upper teeth. Mouthguards are most often used to prevent injury in contact sports, as a treatment for bruxism (teeth grinding) or temporomandibular joint pain, or as part of certain dental procedures, such as tooth bleaching. There are different types of sports mouth guards available but the most comfortable and easily worn type is the custom mouth guard that you can have made at your dental office. It is not only more comfortable than the “do-it-yourself” types that you boil to soften and fit but it is also more effective. Ask our specialists for the best type for you or your child.
Precautions: Rinse with clean water or antibacterial mouthrinse after use and brush with a toothbrush before storing, store the mouth guard in a specially designed container that allows for air to reach the appliance and one that is hard enough to resist damage, do not boil or leave in hot locations, make a habit of wearing the mouth guard whenever you participate in sports or activities that place you at risk for dental or jaw injuries, have mouth guard replaced if torn or if it no longer fits properly, let your dental hygienist or dentist examine the condition of your appliance at every dental check-up appointment.
What is TMJ Disorder? TMJ Disorder (temporomandibular joint disorder) is a catch all term used to describe dysfunction of the jaw muscles and joints. TMJ disorder affects people of all ages and impacts approximately 5% of the population. The condition can result in the misalignment or displacement of the jaw which places stress on the nerves, blood vessels, muscles and connecting tissues of the TM joints. When the condition is prolonged, your body may begin to compensate by adapting an unnatural position involving the muscles of the neck, back or even the arms and pelvis. Symptoms of TMJ Disorder It can present as: clicking or popping sensations with the movement of your jaw joints, pain when the mouth is opened or limited range of opening, clenching or grinding teeth, facial pain and a sense of facial muscle fatigue, ear pain not caused by ear infection, occasional locking when jaw opened, frequent headaches and shoulder pain that affects posture and even mobility.
Areas of pain causes of TMJ disorder. It may develop from the following: lost, crooked or uneven teeth, overbite or other bite problems that affect the joint, teeth that fit together poorly (malocclusion), degenerative arthritis, head or neck injuries including whiplash.
Temporary relief for TMJ disorder: while the approaches list below do not treat the cause, they can reduce the symptoms. Relief may be found by: hot and cold packs applied to the face or temple, limited jaw movement or local pressure such as a phone, do not select hard food or food that requires repetitive chewing, physical therapy or massage, medications.
Your next step: if you suspect you may suffer from TMJ disorder, call our practice for an appointment. Before any TMJ treatment plan can be established, there are two steps:
1. Initial Assessment including an autonomic nerve analysis, and 2. Full Clinical Examination including a biometric computer analysis, imaging and clinical survey. This information gained is invaluable if the dentist hopes to plan and manage an optimal dental therapy that will work with your specific physiology.
Crowns and bridges
Crowns and Bridges
A dental bridge, also known as a fixed partial denture, is a dental restoration used to replace a missing tooth by joining permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants. There are different types of dental bridges, depending on how they are fabricated and the way they anchor to the adjacent teeth.A dental bridge is fabricated by cutting the teeth on either side of the missing tooth or teeth by a preparation pattern determined by the location of the teeth and by the material from which the bridge is fabricated. In other words, the abutment teeth are reduced in size to accommodate the material to be used to restore the size and shape of the original teeth in a correct alignment and contact with the opposing teeth. The materials used for the dental bridges include gold, porcelain fused to metal, or in the correct situation porcelain alone. The amount and type of reduction done to the abutment teeth varies slightly with the different materials used. The recipient of such a dental bridge must be careful to clean well under this prosthesis.
Various types of dentures are available and the cost is dependent on the quality of the teeth and other materials used. By adding character to the teeth and the pink gum, a much more aesthetic result can be achieved. Many dentures are made with materials that have no character in them, be it the actual teeth or the pink gum.
Oral surgery services provided include the following: wisdom teeth removal, tooth removal prior to orthodontics, dentoalveolar surgery to remove damaged or infected teeth, complex tooth removal for medically compromised patients, assessment and management of bone grafting, pre prosthetic (restorative) surgery to provide optimal anatomy for the placement of dental implants, dentures or other dental prostheses, patient assessment for the placement of dental implants leading to full dental restoration, diagnosis and treatment of clinical oral pathology, cysts, growths etc, diagnosis and treatment of other mouth pathology, diagnosis and treatment of soft and hard tissue trauma of the oral and maxillofacial region.
What are implants? implants are one way of replacing missing teeth. A post is planted in the jaw bone to support a replacement tooth. This acts like the root of a natural tooth. Implants can also be used to support fixed bridges or dentures. Implant treatment normally has two stages. First, the implant is placed in the jaw. Then, when the jaw has healed, replacement teeth are attached to the implant. In some situations, it is possible for temporary teeth to be attached to an implant at the time of fitting. Would implants be right for me? First, you should decide whether implants could be right for you. Contact us to arrange an implant consultation and discussion and we will let you know the possibilities. Our team will be only too happy to help you with any questions you may have. If you decide to go ahead, this is what will happen. Implants are put into holes in the jaw with a local anaesthetic. You can opt to have sedation for this procedure also. The implant is screwed or pushed in and the gum is stitched so that it heals over the implant & under the gum. The bone then grows round the implant to hold it firm. This takes several months. Implants usually have two sections – the post in the jaw and an extension that is added later when the post is secure. Attaching the extension needs a small cut in the gum above the implant. You might have more than one implant. The replacement teeth might be fixed permanently (like a crown or bridge) or attached in a way which lets you remove them for cleaning (like a denture).